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Biotechnology

Usage of Biotechnology Towards Sustainable Paddy Production by Division of Agriculture (N Kerian - Sg. Manik) (presented in the seminar organized by the Paddy Technology N Kerian - Sg. Manik on 23 to 25 November 2010 at the Hotel Grand Continental, Kuala Lumpur.)

ABSTRACT

BIM Technology (Indigenous beneficial micro-organisms) or Local Beneficial Microorganisms is a reliable alternative to improve yield, reduce production cost and is user friendly. This is evidenced by 28 farmers with an area of ​​34.78 hectares of rice fields in the Zone of Bagan Serai - Beriah, the Kerian District – demonstrating an increase in average paddy yields from 3:55 mtan ha-1 (Season 2 / 2009) to 3.93 mtan ha-1 (Seasons 1 / 2010). Preliminary studies conducted in the observation plot in Kampung Perak, Mukim Parit Buntar, Kerian District (M2/2009) has also showed positive results. Thus, with ongoing development and adoption of BIM technology, we believe our target of average rice yield IADA Kerian-Sg. Manik of 3.5 ha-1 by 2010 and 4.5 mtan ha-1 by 2020 can be achieved.

 

1.0 INTRODUCTION

RICE IS LIFE - this slogan for the International Year of Rice describes the importance of rice as a staple food for Malaysians and also the world. Development of the rice industry is always given the priority to ensure adequate food supply at all times. However, to accommodate increasing food demand due to a growing population, agricultural inputs such as fertilizers and chemical pesticides need to be used in alignment with the effort to increase paddy yield. This has resulted in an increased rice production cost in addition to the negative impact on the environment.

 

2.0 INTRODUCTION BIM

BIM is the inoculant that contains three major types of microorganisms. Microorganisms have symbiotic relationships among themselves and with other beneficial microorganisms. The result of this is better conditions for growth of beneficial microorganisms and environmental balance. Three main types of microorganisms and their functions are as follows:

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3.0 BIM USAGE

Extensive use of BIM include agriculture (crops, livestock and fisheries), environmental management (waste treatment, waste water treatment, cleaning and water purification and home hygiene), food industry and construction.

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4.0 APPLICATION OF BIM IN PADDY PLANTING

BIM formulation can be adjusted according to the required use to produce various products such as fertilizers and biological pesticides and compost. The byproducts of BIM such as BIMOS (beneficial micro-organisms Indigenous Solution) is an active solution of BIM and Bokashi (Fermented Organic Matter) which has potential as inputs to increase yield.

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5.0 STUDY TO INCREASE PADDY OUTPUT WITH BIM TECHNOLOGY

5.1 Season 2 / 2009 - Farm Farmers
Preliminary studies of the effects of using BIM in increasing rice yield was carried out in Kampung Perak, Mukim Parit Buntar, Kerian District M2/2009. An area of ​​1.2 hectare plots cultivated by Mr. Muhammad Rizal Bin Mohd. Ali was treated with Bokashi, molasses and BIMOS. Bokashi is sown after the first plowing,followed by chemical weed control. Molasses is then poured into water channels three weeks after sowing seeds for weed control.

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