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Transplanting Method Will Increase Paddy Yields

There are two methods that can be employed by farmers who wish to have higher volume and quality yield in their paddy plantations. One is manual transplantation and the other is the use of machines. Both methods allow sufficient control of space between each paddy plant, enabling the absorption of nutrients and spread of the paddy leaves to maximize the efficiency of photosynthesis.

Properly spaced and well managed plants can reduce weed infestation and the formation of weedy paddy. This helps to reduce the need for pesticides, and reduce the lodging incidences of the paddy due to wind or rain. There will also be a uniform growth of the paddy plants, which will be favorable for any field work.

There are valid records showing the efficiency of transplanting with machines. The highest nett yield was obtained in Sekinchan, with a result of about 10 mt/ha. Kerian followed the example of Sekinchan, yielding between 8 to 10 tonnes of paddy per hectare. The use of machine transplanting method have also helped farmers earn a higher yield compared to other methods in the past.

Transplanting method using machine

The use of machine for transplanting brings control to the space between the plants and the number of seedlings in the processes. The usual cultivation practice in Malaysia is a distance of 14 to 20 cm between the heels and 30 cm between each row. There are usually 3 to 5 bars of seedlings for a clump, and usually the seedlings are between 14 and 20 days old.

Advantages of planting using the transplanter

The use of a transplanter helps to reduce the possibility of weedy paddy through careful selection of the seeds prior to transplanting. Weedy paddy already present in the field can also be removed early before these weedy paddy reach maturity. Cost efficiency is maximized due to the reduced use of seeds and careful spacing between the paddy plants. There is reduced competition between paddy plants with regards to space, light, and nutrients. Farmers may then concentrate their efforts on the care of the plants such as the use of fertilizers and control of pests and diseases in the daily management of their paddy plantations.